An organization that anticipates and quickly adapts to a changing environment by:
Well-functioning knowledge organizations thrive on a balanced combination of hierarchical management and individual, self-organizing (teams of) individuals who can be cross-coupled as needed. The balance achieved
between these two components of the system will depend upon the specific environment, mission, and leadership of the organization.
The question remains whether many organizations that consider themselves knowledge organizations are not in fact hierarchical or bureaucratic organizations of knowledge workers, characterized by one or more of the
The majority of changes that an organization has to go through to become a knowledge organization is cultural, but technology can facilitate the process.