|How can scientific knowledge reveal a distinctive style of modernity in Africa?Africa is perhaps the most culturally imaginative and creative region in the world. It is extremely diversified, rich in talents and ingenuity with unlimited resources and potential. It has colonized the planet and it enriches humanity through inimitable arts, creativity and advancement of knowledge. Yet, one African out of two lives in difficult human conditions. And despite spectacular progress here and there, Africa remains profoundly socially, spiritually and culturally possessed, conditioned and corrupted by two self-inflicted inhibiting, perverting and blinding intellectual and ritual servitudes – koranic and evangelical - which may constrain development and need to be unmasked. It remains - as much as in the ‘developed’ or ‘civilized’ world - overwhelmingly regimented, disciplined and deceived by a host of erroneous beliefs, faulty dogmas, half-truths, intoxicating and terrifying mythologies (particularly to children) , life-denying superstitions, comic theological entrappings, mystifying fictions, pipe-dreams, fantasies, charlatanisms, junk science and a flood of nonsense, despite its immense contribution to the advancement of humanity through the ages. It is a region, in comparison with other regions, that is certainly as much framed and misled by unsustainable fallacies, which keep part of it firmly into pre-modernity. So what is needed is to make room for some sustainable, subversive and seditious ideas for the way forward, building on the authority of self-imposed scientific and technical rationality, conscious that reason is before all an instrument of manipulation, self-deception and cunning, and on the blurred ruins of western modernities, born out of revolts against outdated and illegitimate wicked religious and political powers.
The immense power of science should be directed at the ‘re-Africanization’ of Africa – a region which should be purged from the worthless rubbles of history - by submitting blind religious faith and traditional folkloric loyalty to the criticism of reason and move Africa from the oppression of ancient prejudices to the tyranny of modern ‘neo-Socratic’ rationality.
In this regard African policy-makers should recall the ideals of the French Revolution: down with paternalistic, autocratic and despotic kings and fear-mongering, deceitful and fraudulent merchant-priests. Translated into this region at the present time - obscured and disfigured by foreign metaphysical figurative stories, symbols and metaphors - on top of the African agenda freedom thinkers, lovers and fighters should put (1) ‘deprivatizing, defragmenting and civilizing African states’ and (2) ‘desacralizing, secularizing and decolonizing African cultures’, for a less totemic, more cosmopolitan, non-Abrahamic, truly enlightened, scientifically-informed and much less patriarchal, self-determined and self-empowered post-colony, in search of the superior genuine and purified meta-African, achieving the highest human possibilities.
Science, which should neither be demonized, idolized or worshiped, has never been the forte of the spiritually contaminated region and can never be under current pre-modern overreligious knowledge systems, particularly science as a way of thinking and as a method of evidence and reasoning, that, if allowed to run free, would certainly transform the very cultural underpinning and identity of the continent. The modernization of these old-fashioned systems, as the backbones of any mode of modernity, requires in priority the modernization of our mental and intellectual costumes. This process is essentially the passage from closed, self-confirming, faith-based, customary, totalizing or terrorizing knowledge systems – propagated by infecting ecclesiasts and mysterious ‘witch-doctors’ - to essentially liberal, falsifiable, facts-based, scientifically-established, technically-proven and innovative knowledge systems (not a single new god in the last 1000 years!!). In these uninhibited systems scientific knowledge can be construed as a theory of the real and as a technology of truth and understood as the epistemological foundation of any form of Afro-modernity. It is also the passage from the ‘Book of Scripture’ to the ‘Book of Nature’ and from the submission to the white man’s colonizing gods to the more authentic African stuffs.
The key to an African Revival or Renaissance is the breaking of the reigning hegemonic order, basically regulated and sustained by Islam and Christianity – two medieval solitudes and obscurantist establishments – living in the secluded past, thriving on holy lies, torturing gods (I love you and will burn you in eternity!) absurd fabrications, fears, mirages, delusions, false hopes, subservient obedience and, genealogically, on the non-African narcotics, values and moralities of ancient middle Eastern ‘slave’ mindsets and worldviews.
Historically, science has proven to be too toxic, troubling, unsettling or destructive for a region whose knowledge systems are plagued with spirituo-, mystico-, magico-, abrahamo-, euro- and phallo-centricity, that excessively seek comfort in historical debris, bogus revelations, pseudo prophecies, imaginary deities, ancestors’ spirits, phony limbos, made-up angels, mind-boggling miracles, wonderful heavens, amazing and genocidal gods/demons, implausible resurrections…and other strange and unconscious chimeras, taboos and biases, providing ample material for Freudian theses. It is a region that fell prey to a gigantic fraud and misfortune and that babbles abusively in hypothetic other-worlds and after-lives, which confines the minds, poisons or ‘vampirizes’ life, drags Africans outside nature and denies or weakens this worldly existence. It also wears down the natural self, consumes time and precious resources, drains valuable energies, devalues the body, camouflages the discovery of what there is, lessens control over natural environments and erects interreligious barriers, which split communities and undermines Pan-African solidarity. Uncovering an original Afro-modernity, distinct from the failed North-Atlantic style, requires liberating and supporting the few progressive, autonomous, scientific, secular and free thinkers on the continent, which may entail unashamedly ‘blaspheming’ in every meeting, on every wall, on every CoP, network and blogging site, with an unorthodox radical neo-narrative.
Science in Africa has to become defiantly offensive and utterly heretical and sacrilegious to be effective and win over the two great non-African pathetic misogynous phallocracies that deplete the African spirit and vitality and dampen African progress, as the current state of a self-alienated region amply demonstrates. Muslim and Christian cosmic visions and phantasms, masquerading as divine revelations, are not helpful and absolutely not needed anywhere, as the degree of human development of in many other countries - Finland, Japan and Singapore for example - abundantly demonstrates, for they constitute insidious obstacles to cognitive development and to the emergence of scientific ways of constructing and ordering realities. The anachronistic oppressive machineries of churches and mosques and institutionalized captive systems of mental cruelty, where escape is nearly impossible or statistically insignificant, flourishing on selling the shameless notion of personal immortality, impact sublimely and negatively on all aspects of African life. These include unsuspected places, such as in agriculture where repeated very long periods of fasting, numerous religious holidays, prayers for rain, faith in providence, belief in humans as supernatural beings, women’s banned inheritance and ownership of land, fear of ungodly bio-engineering, dismissal of scientific facts and rejection of common-sense truths, etc. are contributing to hunger, poverty and underdevelopment.
Part of the solution, in addition to economics and politics, for going beyond wishful thinking and feel-good ceremonial entertaining meetings, confounding appearances and superficial realities, mental 'burkas', intellectual torpor and close-mindedness, demagogueries, inflationary rhetoric, narrow provincialism and populist pomposity, entrenched stubborn views, conventional systems of thought and mythical taming canons, self-deceptions and self-flagellation, and circular or tautological arguments, is to become compassionately disrespectful of long-established authorities, roll Imperial-Doctrinaire-Contemptuous Islam and Hebraic-Pauline-Constantinian-Roman Christianity out of Africa – two proselytizing religions of decadence - and battle magical witchcraft and mystical shamanism, which would open the way to superior insight, understanding and awareness and to a distinctive version of Afro-modernity, honoring freethinkers, unbelievers and infidels. This paradigmatic shift toward modern ways of knowing and acting requires championing the scientific method, the rule of technique and innovation as well as promoting decisive scientific arbitrations, increased technical mediations and a redefinition of STI’s relationships with religious, cultural, social and economic life. For this shift to occur there is a need to better appreciate modern science, not as a Christian crime, but as a method of imaginative, calculative and subversive thinking and as a means of achieving the systematic unmasking and renovation of archaic / antiquated / conventional / medieval / pre-modern realities. This calls for re-cosmologizing, re-mythologizing, ‘re-prophetizing’, re-charlatanizing and re-directing the evolution of a mutilated empirical reality toward a truly great ‘African’ modern future, emancipated from the sacred relics of a convoluted history. African science policy makers have to design sustainable visions, strategies and policies to let the scientific spirit out of the bottle, fight medievalism and interior barbarism, drive a new relationship between Africa and the cosmic tragedy, forge a new engagement with the naked world stripped of outdated supernatural, transcendental or metaphysical fabrications, extirpate all foreign imperialist and monopolistic gods from our live, de-technocratize the mostly empty development discourse in science and practice the science of the ‘hammer’.
Jacques L Hamel
Freethinker on the Enlightenment and Liberation of Africa